Penn State News: Twitter data unveils issues nursing mothers face, informs proposed interventions

Penn State News: Twitter data unveils issues nursing mothers face, informs proposed interventions. “Social media has become a platform for new mothers to openly share their experiences of the joys and challenges of parenthood. Researchers at Penn State and Dalhousie University have unraveled the sentiments in nursing mothers’ tweets to better understand the factors influencing breastfeeding behaviors. They hope the findings can inform policies and interventions to support and improve resources for nursing mothers, such as breastfeeding support, workplace accommodations and technological aids such as apps.”

Brookings Institution: Assessing the social and emotional costs of mass shootings with Twitter data

Brookings Institution: Assessing the social and emotional costs of mass shootings with Twitter data. “A reason for the one-sided debate on guns is that beyond the gruesome body counts, we do not have many tools for assessing the large—but unobservable—effects of this violence on family members, friends, and neighbors of the victims, as well as on society in general. By assessing how emotions evolve over time, real changes can be seen in Twitter messages. Our analysis shows that society is increasingly angered by gun violence, rather than simply adapting to it.”

MIT News: New AI tool calculates materials’ stress and strain based on photos

MIT News: New AI tool calculates materials’ stress and strain based on photos . “MIT researchers have developed a technique to quickly determine certain properties of a material, like stress and strain, based on an image of the material showing its internal structure. The approach could one day eliminate the need for arduous physics-based calculations, instead relying on computer vision and machine learning to generate estimates in real time.”

Arguing on the internet: UW researchers studying how to make online arguments productive (University of Washington)

University of Washington: Arguing on the internet: UW researchers studying how to make online arguments productive. “The internet seems like the place to go to get into fights. Whether they’re with a family member or a complete stranger, these arguments have the potential to destroy important relationships and consume a lot of emotional energy. Researchers at the University of Washington worked with almost 260 people to understand these disagreements and to develop potential design interventions that could make these discussions more productive and centered around relationship-building.”

The Vintage News: The Project That Could Turn Ancient Mayan Hieroglyphs into Emojis

The Vintage News: The Project That Could Turn Ancient Mayan Hieroglyphs into Emojis. “Writing on their website last year, Unicode announced a National Endowment for the Humanities grant enabling the Maya Hieroglyph Project. Its goal is to make historical communications ‘accessible to both expert and non-expert user communities through creating an annotated digital archive.’ Dr. Gabrielle Vail is in charge of the team, which focuses on the Classic period of 250–900 CE.”

EurekAlert: Personalised medications possible with 3D printing

EurekAlert: Personalised medications possible with 3D printing. “Customised medicines could one day be manufactured to patients’ individual needs, with University of East Anglia (UEA) researchers investigating technology to 3D ‘print’ pills. The team, including Dr Andy Gleadall and Prof Richard Bibb at Loughborough University, identified a new additive manufacturing method to allow the 3D printing of medicine in highly porous structures, which can be used to regulate the rate of drug release from the medicine to the body when taken orally.”

Financial Post: Apple hires ex-Google AI scientist who resigned after colleagues’ firing

Financial Post: Apple hires ex-Google AI scientist who resigned after colleagues’ firing. “Apple Inc said on Monday it has hired former Google distinguished scientist Samy Bengio, who left the search giant amid turmoil in its artificial intelligence research department. Bengio is expected to lead a new AI research unit at Apple under John Giannandrea, senior vice president of machine learning and AI strategy, two people familiar with the matter said.”

Wired: Here’s how to fix online harassment. No, seriously

Wired: Here’s how to fix online harassment. No, seriously. “This entire framing of the problem of ‘content moderation’ is flawed. Someone’s experience on a platform is much more than the abuse-likelihood score of each piece of content they see. It is affected by every feature and design choice. Explicit product decisions and machine learning algorithms determine what is given distribution and prominence in timelines and recommendation modules. Prompts and nudges like text composers and big buttons are designed to encourage certain behavior  –  which is not always good, for instance if they end up motivating quickly-fired retorts and thoughtless replies.”

Introducing mdFIND: a Collector App for Unanticipated Artifact Discoveries (Southern Maryland Chronicle)

Southern Maryland Chronicle: Introducing mdFIND: a Collector App for Unanticipated Artifact Discoveries. “Several months ago, my colleague, Dr. Zac Singer and I began discussing ways to develop a smartphone app that could streamline the process of reporting unanticipated artifact discoveries in the field. To be clear, this app is not meant to replace completion of our standard Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties (MIHP) Archaeological Site Form for reporting newly discovered sites. Rather, we envisioned it as a supplemental tool, not meant for sites, but for individual artifact finds.”

BBC: ‘I was terrible at crosswords so I built an AI to do them’

BBC: ‘I was terrible at crosswords so I built an AI to do them’. “Matt Ginsberg is good at a lot of things – he is an AI scientist, author, playwright, magician and stunt plane pilot. But he isn’t very good at crosswords. In fact, despite writing them for the New York Times, he says that when they are published, he often cannot solve his own. So when he was sitting in a hotel ballroom losing yet again in a major US crossword competition, he decided to do something about it.”

Sciencemag: C-Path Opens Access To Duchenne Regulatory Science Consortium Database

Scienmag: C-Path Opens Access To Duchenne Regulatory Science Consortium Database. “Critical Path Institute (C-Path) announced today that it will open access to the Duchenne Regulatory Science Consortium (D-RSC) database to qualified researchers, through its Rare Disease Cures Accelerator, Data and Analytics Platform (RDCA-DAP®). The D-RSC database includes data from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) clinical trials, natural history studies and clinical data collections. The contributors of these datasets have given permission for this data to be shared externally to accelerate therapy development for DMD. DMD is a rare, fatal, genetic neuromuscular disorder that is diagnosed in childhood and primarily affects males.”

Foreign Policy: Russia Can’t Afford to Block Twitter—Yet

Foreign Policy: Russia Can’t Afford to Block Twitter—Yet. “On March 16, Russia’s internet and media regulator, Roskomnadzor, threatened to block access to Twitter from within Russia in 30 days if the platform failed to comply with government demands to delete content allegedly related to child pornography, suicide, and drug use. But just three weeks later, Roskomnadzor backed away from that threat, citing discussions with Twitter characterized by both sides as productive—although it then reiterated the threat on April 30. At the same time, however, the regulator expressed its intent to continue slowing down Twitter traffic in Russia, as it has done since March, through May 15, an attempt to make the platform less accessible for Russian users. What explains this seemingly confused and contradictory approach from the Russian government?”

What Happened When Google Threw All Voice Data To The Blender. Answer: SpeechStew (Analytics India)

Analytics India: What Happened When Google Threw All Voice Data To The Blender. Answer: SpeechStew. “Training large models is a massive challenge as it requires collecting and annotating vast amounts of data. It is particularly challenging in the case of speech recognition models. To overcome this challenge, a team from Google Research and Google Brain have introduced an AI model, SpeechStew. The model is trained on a combination of datasets to achieve state-of-the-art results on various speech recognition benchmarks.”

The Aggie: The inevitable death of Snapchat has arrived

The Aggie: The inevitable death of Snapchat has arrived. “We can speculate forever about the features of Snapchat, but one of the main reasons why Snapchat doesn’t do as well as other platforms is that you can’t truly cultivate your online persona on the app, which is sort of the reason why we go on social media. The permanence of posts on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram all contribute to our personal brands. If everything you post on Snapchat eventually disappears, could there ever really be a sense of a persona?”