Business Insider: A new algorithm could catch social-media trolls as they try to influence US elections. Researchers are offering it for free.

Business Insider: A new algorithm could catch social-media trolls as they try to influence US elections. Researchers are offering it for free.. “The tool, described in a study published Wednesday in the journal Science Advances, works by learning to recognize known, common patterns associated with troll activity and disinformation campaigns. Russian troll accounts, for instance, have posted many links to far-right websites, but the content on those sites didn’t always match the posts’ accompanying text or images. Venezuelan trolls, meanwhile, have often posted fake websites.”

EurekAlert: New learning algorithm should significantly expand the possible applications of AI

EurekAlert: New learning algorithm should significantly expand the possible applications of AI. “The high energy consumption of artificial neural networks’ learning activities is one of the biggest hurdles for the broad use of Artificial Intelligence (AI), especially in mobile applications. One approach to solving this problem can be gleaned from knowledge about the human brain. Although it has the computing power of a supercomputer, it only needs 20 watts, which is only a millionth of the energy of a supercomputer. One of the reasons for this is the efficient transfer of information between neurons in the brain. Neurons send short electrical impulses (spikes) to other neurons – but, to save energy, only as often as absolutely necessary.”

The Next Web: How researchers analyzed Allstate’s car insurance algorithm

The Next Web: How researchers analyzed Allstate’s car insurance algorithm. “We tested whether Allstate’s personalized pricing algorithm treated customers differently based on non-risk factors by analyzing rare customer-level data we found in documents that were part of a 2013 rate filing submitted for approval and subsequently disapproved by Maryland regulators. This filing provides the most insight into Allstate’s retention model available to the public, with a level of detail that is typically shielded from public view by Allstate and other insurers.”

Search Engine Journal: India Proposes Access to Google and Amazon Algorithms

Search Engine Journal: India Proposes Access to Google and Amazon Algorithms . “India’s government has rules in draft form that will require tech companies like Google, Amazon and Facebook to provide source code and algorithms. The goal of the proposed rules is to build a wall against unfair monopolistic practices and create a more competitive business environment for local businesses.”

New York Times: Wrongfully Accused by an Algorithm

New York Times: Wrongfully Accused by an Algorithm. “On a Thursday afternoon in January, Robert Julian-Borchak Williams was in his office at an automotive supply company when he got a call from the Detroit Police Department telling him to come to the station to be arrested. He thought at first that it was a prank.”

The Conversation: Algorithms are designing better buildings

The Conversation: Algorithms are designing better buildings. “At a basic level, algorithms can be a powerful tool for providing exhaustive information for the design, construction and use of a building. Building information modelling uses comprehensive software to standardise and share data from across architecture, engineering and construction that used to be held separately. This means everyone involved in a building’s genesis, from clients to contractors, can work together on the same 3D model seamlessly. More recently, new tools have begun to combine this kind of information with algorithms to automate and optimise aspects of the building process.”

How Search Engine Algorithms Work: Everything You Need to Know (Search Engine Journal)

Search Engine Journal: How Search Engine Algorithms Work: Everything You Need to Know. “Often I find myself focusing on specific strategies to perform specific functions. How do I write compelling copy to rank on voice search? What structured data produces easy wins? Things like that. These important questions are often covered here on Search Engine Journal in very useful articles. But it’s important to not just understand what tactics might be working to help you rank. You need to understand how it works.”

The Next Web: Algorithms associating appearance with criminality have a dark past

The Next Web: Algorithms associating appearance with criminality have a dark past. “‘Phrenology’ has an old-fashioned ring to it. It sounds like it belongs in a history book, filed somewhere between bloodletting and velocipedes. We’d like to think that judging people’s worth based on the size and shape of their skull is a practice that’s well behind us. However, phrenology is once again rearing its lumpy head. In recent years, machine-learning algorithms have promised governments and private companies the power to glean all sorts of information from people’s appearance.”

Rutgers University: Rutgers Law Professor Authors Algorithm Database for Public Research

Rutgers University: Rutgers Law Professor Authors Algorithm Database for Public Research. “Rutgers Law School Professor Ellen P. Goodman, the Rutgers Institute for Information Policy and Law (RIIPL), and MuckRock have launched a new, open database of automated decision systems and algorithms used in city, county, state, and other public entities across the United States. The database, which is open to the public, is the result of a yearlong reporting and research project conducted by RIIPL and MuckRock into more than 200 instances of algorithmic policy being instituted across America.”

The Verge: ICE rigged its algorithms to keep immigrants in jail, claims lawsuit

The Verge: ICE rigged its algorithms to keep immigrants in jail, claims lawsuit. “A new lawsuit claims Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) rigged software to create a ‘secret no-release policy’ for people suspected of breaking immigration laws. ICE’s New York office uses a risk assessment algorithm to recommend that an arrestee be released or detained until a hearing. But the New York Civil Liberties Union and Bronx Defenders say the algorithm was changed in 2015 and again in 2017, removing the ability to recommend release, even for arrestees who posed no threat.”

ZDNet: AI’s big problem: Lazy humans just trust the algorithms too much

ZDNet: AI’s big problem: Lazy humans just trust the algorithms too much. “It’s all well and good to recommend that humans consistently monitor the decisions made by AI systems, especially if those decisions impact decisive fields like warfare or policing. But in reality, how good are humans at catching the flaws of those systems?”

Slate: How Algorithmic Bias Hurts People With Disabilities

Slate: How Algorithmic Bias Hurts People With Disabilities. “A hiring tool analyzes facial movements and tone of voice to assess job candidates’ video interviews. A study reports that Facebook’s algorithm automatically shows users job ads based on inferences about their gender and race. Facial recognition tools work less accurately on people with darker skin tones. As more instances of algorithmic bias hit the headlines, policymakers are starting to respond. But in this important conversation, a critical area is being overlooked: the impact on people with disabilities.”

Smarter government or data-driven disaster: the algorithms helping control local communities (MuckRock)

MuckRock: Smarter government or data-driven disaster: the algorithms helping control local communities. “Does handing government decisions over to algorithms save time and money? Can algorithms be fairer or less biased than human decision making? Do they make us safer? Automation and artificial intelligence could improve the notorious inefficiencies of government, and it could exacerbate existing errors in the data being used to power it. MuckRock and the Rutgers Institute for Information Policy & Law (RIIPL) have compiled a collection of algorithms used in communities across the country to automate government decision-making.”

Search Engine Watch: The perils of tricking Google’s algorithm

Search Engine Watch: The perils of tricking Google’s algorithm. “Google has been regularly introducing algorithm updates to improve the quality of its search results. But it also penalizes sites that employ unethical or outdated practices to rank higher. This can adversely impact a brand’s reputation and bottom line. Ideally, these updates should be used as a guide for improving a site’s UX, ranking on SERPs is an end result that will follow. Read on to know the ill-effects of chasing Google’s algorithms. There’s also a bonus involved! You will also learn some effective tips to stay on top of these updates while boosting your business reputation.”