USGS: For the first time, national-scale maps of carbon stored in wetland soil across all interior and coastal settings were created from harmonized public datasets

USGS: For the first time, national-scale maps of carbon stored in wetland soil across all interior and coastal settings were created from harmonized public datasets. “Scientists created three-dimensional maps of soil carbon stored across the conterminous United States in inland and tidal wetlands of the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Land Cover Database and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Coastal Change Analysis Program. The resulting maps identify 1) wetland soil carbon storage at high resolution, and 2) issues of spatial bias among approaches used for different public datasets, and 3) strategic approaches to improve assessment of vulnerability of wetland carbon storage.”

University of Chicago: UpDown project aims to speed up data processing a hundredfold

University of Chicago: UpDown project aims to speed up data processing a hundredfold. “With a $9.2 million grant from Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), Prof. Andrew A. Chien will lead a team of University of Chicago computer science researchers building the UpDown Systema—a new approach that could speed up graph analytics a hundredfold. Graph analytics is at the heart of some of today’s most exciting computational applications in science and technology…. However, today’s computing architectures were not designed for graphs, and struggle with efficiency and scalability.”

News@Northeastern: Northeastern Researcher Wins Meta Award To Quarantine And Vaccinate Silent Data Corruptions

News@Northeastern: Northeastern Researcher Wins Meta Award To Quarantine And Vaccinate Silent Data Corruptions. “Most of us have experienced that terrifying moment when a computer program unexpectedly quits or our computer screen suddenly goes black, sending us into panic mode over possibly losing hours of work. ‘You would say, “Oh, my computer crashed,”‘ says Devesh Tiwari, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering in Northeastern’s College of Engineering. ‘But it is actually a good thing that it crashed when an error happened.’”

Iowa State University: Novel atlas shows vast urban infrastructure divide between Global South and Global North

Iowa State University: Novel atlas shows vast urban infrastructure divide between Global South and Global North. “The pioneering new data set shows the vast differences in the height of built-up infrastructure in urban areas across the globe, information that could improve projections of energy use and emissions and inform city planning and economic development efforts, including progression toward the United Nations sustainable development goals, said Yuyu Zhou…”

Phys .org: ‘Global Jukebox’ performing arts database now publicly available

Phys.org: ‘Global Jukebox’ performing arts database now publicly available. “The Global Jukebox relies on a dataset that includes traditional songs representing 1,026 societies. Many of the recordings were captured by ethnomusicologist Alan Lomax, who categorized them according to different features of musical style, such as number of singers, vocal embellishments, and various rhythmic and melodic qualities; 37 such features are now included for each of the 5,776 songs in the Global Jukebox dataset. A preliminary version of the Global Jukebox tool launched in 2017, and the underlying database is now available for anyone to download.”

Bureau of Transportation Statistics: BTS Updates Datasets to National Transportation Atlas Database

Bureau of Transportation Statistics: BTS Updates Datasets to National Transportation Atlas Database. “The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics today released its fall 2022 update to the National Transportation Atlas Database (NTAD), a set of nationwide geographic databases of transportation facilities, networks, and associated infrastructure.”

From Physical Maps to Online Lookups: DHS S&T and NOAA Transition Harmonized Waterway Database to Coast Guard (Homeland Security Today)

Homeland Security Today: From Physical Maps to Online Lookups: DHS S&T and NOAA Transition Harmonized Waterway Database to Coast Guard. “The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) is delivering a harmonized geospatial dataset of national waterways to all federal agencies that comprise the U.S. Committee on the Marine Transportation System (CMTS)…. The Coast Guard will host and maintain this geospatial dataset and make this information available online, at no cost to the public.”

Harvard Medical School: How AI Can Help Diagnose Rare Diseases

Harvard Medical School: How AI Can Help Diagnose Rare Diseases. “Rare diseases are often difficult to diagnose, and predicting the best course of treatment can be challenging for clinicians. To help address these challenges, investigators from the Mahmood Lab at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital have developed a deep- learning algorithm that can teach itself to learn features that can then be used to find similar cases in large pathology image repositories.”

Decolonizing Research Data: A Necessary New Normal (Duke Global Health Institute)

Duke Global Health Institute: Decolonizing Research Data: A Necessary New Normal. “In 15 years of working alongside health researchers in Kenya, Wendy Prudhomme O’Meara has seen an all-too-familiar pattern: An outside organization comes in to collect health-related data in the country and then retains sole ownership of the data despite the collaboration of others involved, including the people who provided the data in the first place. When this occurs in the context of a historical power imbalance, the practice has become known as ‘data colonialism,’ and a growing contingent of global health researchers are speaking out against it.”

Analytics India: MIT Startup Introduces Synthetic Data Metric To Evaluate Synthetic Data

Analytics India: MIT Startup Introduces Synthetic Data Metric To Evaluate Synthetic Data. “AI laboratory DataCebo, an MIT startup introduces Synthetic DataMetrics, a new tool, for companies to compare synthetic data to real-world data sets. Synthetic Data Metrics is an open-source Python library that defines metrics for synthetic data and works across different types of tabular data for evaluating data statistics, efficiency, and privacy.”

London School of Economics and Political Science: JUST AI – Reshaping Data and AI Ethics

London School of Economics and Political Science: JUST AI – Reshaping Data and AI Ethics. “JUST AI has created new mechanisms and practices for defining, understanding and collaborating on ethical questions in data and AI. Our focus has been transforming networking as a critical technology practice – for JUST AI, ‘network’ is both a noun and a verb. Our new website provides detailed documentation of the innovative methodology we have developed for networking and transforming data and AI ethics practice.”

FathomNet: A global image database for enabling artificial intelligence in the ocean (Nature)

Nature: FathomNet: A global image database for enabling artificial intelligence in the ocean. “Recent advances in machine learning enables fast, sophisticated analysis of visual data, but have had limited success in the ocean due to lack of data standardization, insufficient formatting, and demand for large, labeled datasets. To address this need, we built FathomNet, an open-source image database that standardizes and aggregates expertly curated labeled data.”

Route Fifty: New Data Resource Focuses on Racial Wealth Gap

Route Fifty: New Data Resource Focuses on Racial Wealth Gap. “A tool launched by Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Greenwood Initiative Thursday aims to provide better access to data about racial wealth inequities in the United States. With interactive maps and graphs, the Black Wealth Data Center, or BWDC, allows users to compare data across race, sex, education and location and explore topics including employment, homeownership, assets and debt.”