Monday Note: Confusing Facebook With the Internet is the Perfect Storm for Fake News

Monday Note: Confusing Facebook With the Internet is the Perfect Storm for Fake News. “More than one hundred million people in the world do not consider that using Facebook or WhatsApp is surfing the internet. The number is expected to rise sharply in the coming years opening the way to more misinformation.”

Quartz Africa: Despite a low internet penetration, Malawi is worried about fake news in its election run-up

Quartz Africa: Despite a low internet penetration, Malawi is worried about fake news in its election run-up. “As Malawi prepares for national elections to be held on May 21, the country has been hit by a fake news campaign which has quickly spread on social media. While the spread of misinformation is no longer surprising during elections in Africa or elsewhere, Malawi is notable because the southern Africa country has an internet penetration rate of just 14% of its 18 million population. That’s lower than the sub Saharan Africa average of around 22%, based on ITU data.”

Wired: ‘Fake News Victims’ Meet With Twitter and Facebook

Wired: ‘Fake News Victims’ Meet With Twitter and Facebook . “During Tuesday’s meeting with Twitter, the attendees took turns telling their stories. [Jessikka] Aro shared the details of the global smear campaign that was lodged against her, after her reporting outed the Internet Research Agency. She explained the threats that have been made against her life and read a recent direct message she received while traveling in the Czech Republic, in which a stranger threatened to ‘castrate’ her if she ever came back to the country.”

Facebook: Removing More Coordinated Inauthentic Behavior From Russia

Facebook: Removing More Coordinated Inauthentic Behavior From Russia. “Today we removed multiple Pages, Groups and accounts that were involved in coordinated inauthentic behavior on Facebook and Instagram. We found two separate, unconnected operations that originated in Russia and used similar tactics, creating networks of accounts to mislead others about who they were and what they were doing.”

Poynter: Instagram is reducing the reach of posts debunked by fact-checkers

Poynter: Instagram is reducing the reach of posts debunked by fact-checkers. “When one of Facebook’s fact-checking partners, of which there are now 52 in more than 30 countries, rates a link, image or video as false, its future reach in the News Feed is decreased and users are warned if they try to share it. That program launched in December 2016 to cut down on the spread of misinformation. (Disclosure: Being a signatory of Poynter’s International Fact-Checking Network code of principles is a necessary condition for joining the project.) Now, in a test, Facebook-owned Instagram is taking those fact checks and applying them to the same false photos and memes on its platform.”

Mozilla Blog: The Firefox EU Elections Toolkit helps you to prevent pre-vote online manipulation

Mozilla Blog: The Firefox EU Elections Toolkit helps you to prevent pre-vote online manipulation. “What comes to your mind when you hear the term ‘online manipulation’? In the run-up to the EU parliamentary elections at the end of May, you probably think first and foremost of disinformation. But what about technical ways to manipulate voters on the internet? Although they are becoming more and more popular because they are so difficult to recognize and therefore particularly successful, they probably don’t come to mind first. Quite simply because they have not received much public attention so far. Firefox tackles this issue today: The ‘Firefox EU Election Toolkit’ not only provides important background knowledge and tips – designed to be easily understood by non-techies – but also tools to enable independent online research and decision-making.”

Big U.S. news media Twitter accounts amplify Trump’s lies uncritically 19 times a day: Study (Boing Boing)

Boing Boing: Big U.S. news media Twitter accounts amplify Trump’s lies uncritically 19 times a day: Study. “The study found that major U.S. media outlets amplified Trump’s lies and disinformation over 400 times during the three-week study period, or 19 times per day, without identifying in the same moment that the information is just total bullsh*t and shouldn’t be taken as truth.” [Asterisk added by me.]