Newswise: Assessing the toxicity of Reddit comments

Newswise: Assessing the toxicity of Reddit comments. “User behavior toxicity analysis showed that 16.11% of users publish toxic posts, and 13.28% of users publish toxic comments. 30.68% of users publishing posts, and 81.67% of users publishing comments, exhibit changes in their toxicity across different communities – or subreddits – indicating that users adapt their behavior to the communities’ norms.”

TechXplore: Study finds toxicity in the open-source community varies from other internet forums

TechXplore: Study finds toxicity in the open-source community varies from other internet forums. “A team of researchers from the Institute for Software Research (ISR) in Carnegie Mellon University’s School of Computer Science recently collaborated with colleagues at Wesleyan University to take a first pass at understanding toxicity on open-source platforms like GitHub.”

BBC Sport: Homophobia large portion of online abuse aimed at footballers and basketballers – study

BBC Sport: Homophobia large portion of online abuse aimed at footballers and basketballers – study. “Homophobia is responsible for a large portion of abuse aimed at footballers and basketballers in the men’s and women’s game, according to a new report. Of more than 1,500 abusive posts included in the report, homophobic abuse was 40% of posts targeted at male footballers, 27% of that sent to female football players, 46% of the abuse aimed at male basketballers and 19% of that posted to female basketball players.”

Heriot Watt University: AI algorithm to help tackle ‘epidemic’ of gender-based online abuse

Heriot Watt University: AI algorithm to help tackle ‘epidemic’ of gender-based online abuse. “Researchers at the National Robotarium, hosted by Heriot-Watt University and the University of Edinburgh, are developing advanced ‘machine learning’ algorithms that will significantly improve the detection, intervention and prevention of online gender-based abuse.”

The Verge: Snap bans anonymous messaging features from third-party app integrations

The Verge: Snap bans anonymous messaging features from third-party app integrations. “Snap is banning anonymous messaging features from third-party apps that integrate with its platform over concerns that they could be used for bullying and harassment. The change comes after a lawsuit last year sought to hold Snap liable for misuse of its platform linked to the death of a teenager who was being bullied on two Snapchat-connected apps.”

The Atlantic: Trolls Aren’t Like the Rest of Us

The Atlantic: Trolls Aren’t Like the Rest of Us. “Many people who engage in online harassment are not what most of us would consider to be well-adjusted. In 2019, scholars writing in the journal Personality and Individual Differences surveyed 26 studies of internet ‘trolling,’ cyberbullying, and related antisocial online behaviors. They found significant associations with psychopathy, Machiavellianism, sadism, and narcissism, in that order. In other words, just as you would conclude that a stranger attacking you in person is badly damaged, you can conclude the same about a stranger attacking you on social media.”

Mashable: Cyberflashing to become illegal in England and Wales

Mashable: Cyberflashing to become illegal in England and Wales . “Recent research by Professor Jessica Ringrose, head of sociology at UCL’s Institute of Education, found that 76 percent of girls aged between 12 and 18 had been sent unsolicited nude images of boys or men. Per YouGov data, 41 percent of women aged between 18 and 36 ‘have been sent an unsolicited photo of a man’s private parts.’ Researchers have found that women are often overwhelmingly the target of this violation.”

MIT Sloan School of Management: As content booms, how can platforms protect kids from hate speech?

MIT Sloan School of Management: As content booms, how can platforms protect kids from hate speech?. “From July to September of 2019, YouTube purged roughly half a billion comments in violation of the company’s hate speech policy — a twofold increase over the previous quarter. The same year YouTube introduced a setting to automatically hide toxic comments until channel owners could review them. ‘We often talk about the idea of viral videos or virality in social media,’ said Catherine Tucker, a marketing professor at MIT Sloan. ‘We were interested in the dark side of that: How viral is hate? How viral is the use of abusive language towards children?’”

The Atlantic: Facebook Has a Superuser-Supremacy Problem

The Atlantic: Facebook Has a Superuser-Supremacy Problem. “For more than a year, we’ve been analyzing a massive new data set that we designed to study public behavior on the 500 U.S. Facebook pages that get the most engagement from users. Our research, part of which will be submitted for peer review later this year, aims to better understand the people who spread hate and misinformation on Facebook. We hoped to learn how they use the platform and, crucially, how Facebook responds. Based on prior reporting, we expected it would be ugly. What we found was much worse.”