EurekAlert: From analog to digital

EurekAlert: From analog to digital. “There was once a time, not so long ago, when scientists like Casey Holliday needed scalpels, scissors and even their own hands to conduct anatomical research. But now, with recent advances in technology, Holliday and his colleagues at the University of Missouri are using artificial intelligence (AI) to see inside an animal or a person — down to a single muscle fiber — without ever making a cut.”

Lancaster University: Gaelic ultrasound videos shed new light on mechanics of tongue movements during speech

Lancaster University: Gaelic ultrasound videos shed new light on mechanics of tongue movements during speech. “A research team, led by Lancaster University, made video recordings of people’s tongues while they spoke Gaelic and Western-Isles English to investigate what kinds of movements are used to produce different consonants…. A selection of the videos are now available in a new section of a website dedicated to videos of speech sounds, Seeing Speech, created by speech and language experts at the University of Glasgow and Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh.”

University of Michigan: Body measurements for all 11,000 bird species released in open-access database

University of Michigan: Body measurements for all 11,000 bird species released in open-access database. “For each individual bird, we measured nine ‘morphological’ traits, related to physical aspects of their bodies: four beak measurements, three wing measurements, tail length, and tarsus length (lower leg). AVONET also includes body mass and hand-wing index, which is calculated from three wing measurements to give an estimate of flight efficiency, and so the ability of a species to disperse or move across the landscape. The final version contains measurements from 90,020 individual birds at an average of around nine individuals per species.”

Inverse: Is Bigger Always Better? Scientists Explain The Evolution Of Sperm Size

Inverse: Is Bigger Always Better? Scientists Explain The Evolution Of Sperm Size. “The researchers searched the scientific literature for data on sperm size, ultimately creating a database of sperm records from more than 3,000 species from 21 different animal groups known as ‘phyla.’ This is the largest known database on sperm length and fertilization methods, including both vertebrates and invertebrates. The study focuses on three classes of animals, depending on where and how their sperm fertilizes eggs during reproduction.”

Dentistry Today: More Than 80 Species Added to Oral Microbiome Database

Dentistry Today: More Than 80 Species Added to Oral Microbiome Database. “The list of bugs in your mouth keeps growing, as the Forsyth Institute has added more than 80 species to its online expanded Human Oral Microbiome Database (eHOMD). It now indexes 772 microbial species present in the aerodigestive tract (ADT), which includes the mouth, throat, nose, sinuses, and esophagus.? Eww. Pardon me, I need to go chug some Listerine.