UVA Today: Americans Are Less Likely To Answer Emails Sent By African Americans, Study Finds

UVA Today: Americans Are Less Likely To Answer Emails Sent By African Americans, Study Finds. “African Americans are less likely to receive responses to the emails they send, according to new research from a team that included John Holbein, a professor of public policy, politics and education at the University of Virginia’s Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy.”

Washington Post: More than 1,700 congressmen once enslaved Black people. This is who they were, and how they shaped the nation.

Washington Post: More than 1,700 congressmen once enslaved Black people. This is who they were, and how they shaped the nation.. “The country is still grappling with the legacy of their embrace of slavery. The link between race and political power in early America echoes in complicated ways, from the racial inequities that persist to this day to the polarizing fights over voting rights and the way history is taught in schools. The Washington Post created a database that shows enslavers in Congress represented 37 states, including not just the South but every state in New England, much of the Midwest, and many Western states.”

Wired: Crime Prediction Keeps Society Stuck in the Past

Wired: Crime Prediction Keeps Society Stuck in the Past . “In Discriminating Data: Correlation, Neighborhoods, and the New Politics of Recognition, digital media scholar Wendy Hui Kyong Chun argues that the most common methods used by technologies such as PredPol and Chicago’s heat list to make predictions do nothing of the sort. Rather than anticipating what might happen out of the myriad and unknowable possibilities on which the very idea of a future depends, machine learning and other AI-based methods of statistical correlation ‘restrict the future to the past.’ In other words, these systems prevent the future in order to ‘predict’ it—they ensure that the future will be just the same as the past was.”

Southern Maryland News: Howard Center’s new database expands the scope of ‘Printing Hate’ series

Southern Maryland News: Howard Center’s new database expands the scope of ‘Printing Hate’ series. “In 1887, a white-owned Kansas newspaper expressed disappointment that townspeople had not immediately lynched Richard Wood, a Black man, instead of letting authorities take him to jail…. When a lynch mob later broke into the jail and hanged Wood, the paper concluded: ‘a negro demon has met a just doom.’ Both newspapers — Mississippi’s Okolona Messenger and Kansas’ Leavenworth Times — are still published today. These examples of deeply harmful coverage of racial terror lynchings are included in a new database created for the University of Maryland Howard Center for Investigative Journalism’s ‘Printing Hate’ series.”

WBEZ: I’m a Black woman and the metaverse scares me. Here’s how to make the next iteration of the internet inclusive.

WBEZ: I’m a Black woman and the metaverse scares me. Here’s how to make the next iteration of the internet inclusive. . “Problems are already surfacing. Avatars, the graphical personas people can create or buy to represent themselves in virtual environments, are being priced differently based on the perceived race of the avatar, and racist and sexist harassment is cropping up in today’s pre-metaverse immersive environments. Ensuring that this next iteration of the internet is inclusive and works for everyone will require that people from marginalized communities take the lead in shaping it.

PNAS: Empathy-based counterspeech can reduce racist hate speech in a social media field experiment

PNAS: Empathy-based counterspeech can reduce racist hate speech in a social media field experiment. “Our intention-to-treat analysis of 1,350 Twitter users shows that empathy-based counterspeech messages can increase the retrospective deletion of xenophobic hate speech by 0.2 SD and reduce the prospective creation of xenophobic hate speech over a 4-wk follow-up period by 0.1 SD. We find, however, no consistent effects for strategies using humor or warning of consequences. Together, these results advance our understanding of the central role of empathy in reducing exclusionary behavior and inform the design of future counterspeech interventions.” Fuzzy on the idea of counterspeech?

USA Today: White supremacy, Nazi ideology still a big problem for Instagram

USA Today: White supremacy, Nazi ideology still a big problem for Instagram. “Despite taking significant steps to remove hateful content, hundreds of posts promoting dangerous white supremacist ideologies are still readily available on Instagram where they could radicalize unsuspecting users, new research shows. The Anti Defamation League’s Center on Extremism searched for terms on Instagram related to white supremacist and neo-Nazi movements, quickly uncovering hundreds of accounts sharing extremist propaganda.”

Washington Post: Facebook’s race-blind practices around hate speech came at the expense of Black users, new documents show

Washington Post: Facebook’s race-blind practices around hate speech came at the expense of Black users, new documents show. “The Black audience on Facebook is in decline, according to data from a study Facebook conducted earlier this year that was revealed in documents obtained by whistleblower Frances Haugen. According to the February report, the number of Black monthly users fell 2.7 percent in one month to 17.3 million adults…. Civil rights groups have long claimed that Facebook’s algorithms and policies had a disproportionately negative impact on minorities, and particularly Black users. The ‘worst of the worst’ documents show that those allegations were largely true in the case of which hate speech remained online.”

Gizmodo: Crime Prediction Software Promised to Be Free of Biases. New Data Shows It Perpetuates Them

Gizmodo: Crime Prediction Software Promised to Be Free of Biases. New Data Shows It Perpetuates Them. “Between 2018 and 2021, more than one in 33 U.S. residents were potentially subject to police patrol decisions directed by crime-prediction software called PredPol. The company that makes it sent more than 5.9 million of these crime predictions to law enforcement agencies across the country—from California to Florida, Texas to New Jersey—and we found those reports on an unsecured server. Gizmodo and The Markup analyzed them and found persistent patterns.”

Johns Hopkins University: Piecing Together Hard History

Johns Hopkins University: Piecing Together Hard History. “Friday’s forum, organized by the university’s Krieger School of Arts and Sciences and Hopkins Retrospective, explored the complexities of archival research and scholarship around the institution of slavery and its legacies at universities. The virtual event featured panels on research methodologies, how racism and slavery continue to affect institutions, and the future of such research. Panelists included several historians from Johns Hopkins and elsewhere who are engaged in this work.”

Sky News: Antisemitism, racism and white supremacist material in podcasts on Spotify, investigation finds

Sky News: Antisemitism, racism and white supremacist material in podcasts on Spotify, investigation finds . “The company said it does not allow hate content on its platform. But we found podcasts totalling several days’ worth of listening promoting extreme views such as scientific racism, Holocaust denial and far-right antisemitic conspiracy theories. And while some of the most shocking material was buried inside hours-long episodes, in some cases, explicit slurs could be found in episode titles and descriptions while album artwork displayed imagery adopted by white supremacists.”

An online pandemic: disinformation targeted at Black communities (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists)

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists: An online pandemic: disinformation targeted at Black communities. “Black communities are repeatedly targeted for online disinformation and used as a tool to stir discord related to America’s longstanding racial divides. The targeting is likely to continue unless the US government acts on its apparent resolve to do something about the manipulation of US citizens. Moreover, time is running out; the 2022 and 2024 elections are right around the corner.”

New York Times: Racial Bias Skewed Small Business Relief Lending, Study Says

New York Times: Racial Bias Skewed Small Business Relief Lending, Study Says. “From the very start of the Paycheck Protection Program last year, it was clear that minority entrepreneurs, especially Black business owners, struggled more than white borrowers to find a willing lender. A new research project indicates that the problem was particularly pronounced at smaller banks — and human bias appears to be the main reason.”

WBUR: Search Engines Like Google Are Powered By Racist, Misogynist Algorithms, Says MacArthur Fellow

WBUR: Search Engines Like Google Are Powered By Racist, Misogynist Algorithms, Says MacArthur Fellow. “Safiya Noble burst out in tears upon hearing the news of her MacArthur Fellowship — when she finally answered the phone after a week of believing the Chicago number was robocalling her. Noble studies internet bias, and how search engines like Google or Yahoo exacerbate racism and bias against women. She’s founder and co-director of the University of California Los Angeles’ new Center for Critical Internet Inquiry.”